诺贝尔生理学或医学奖

  • 2006 Andrew Z. Fire, Craig C. Mello
  • 2005 Barry J. Marshall, J. Robin Warren
  • 2004 Richard Axel, Linda B. Buck
  • 2003 Paul C. Lauterbur, Sir Peter Mansfield
  • 2002 Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John E. Sulston
  • 2001 Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt, Sir Paul Nurse
  • 2000 Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R. Kandel
  • 1999 Günter Blobel
  • 1998 Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad
  • 1997 Stanley B. Prusiner
  • 1996 Peter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
  • 1995 Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
  • 1994 Alfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
  • 1993 Richard J. Roberts, Phillip A. Sharp
  • 1992 Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
  • 1991 Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
  • 1990 Joseph E. Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
  • 1989 J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
  • 1988 Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
  • 1987 Susumu Tonegawa
  • 1986 Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
  • 1985 Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
  • 1984 Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler, César Milstein
  • 1983 Barbara McClintock
  • 1982 Sune K. Bergstrom, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
  • 1981 Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
  • 1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
  • 1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
  • 1979 Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
  • 1978 Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith
  • 1977 Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
  • 1976 Baruch S. Blumberg, D. Carleton Gajdusek
  • 1975 David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
  • 1974 Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade
  • 1973 Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
  • 972 Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter - 1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
  • 1970 Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
  • 1969 Max Delbruck, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador E. Luria
  • 1968 Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
  • 1967 Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald - 1966 Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
  • 1965 Francois Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod - 1964 Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
  • 1963 Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley
  • 1962 Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson , Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
  • 1961 Georg von Békésy
  • 1960 Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Brian Medawar
  • 1959 Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
  • 1958 George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
  • 1957 Daniel Bovet
  • 1956 André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
  • 1955 Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
  • 1954 John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
  • 1953 Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
  • 1952 Selman Abraham Waksman
  • 1951 Max Theiler
  • 1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
  • 1949 Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
  • 1948 Paul Hermann Müller
  • 1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
  • 1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
  • 1946 Hermann Joseph Muller
  • 1945 Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey
  • 1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
  • 1943 Henrik Carl Peter Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
  • 1942
  • 1941
  • 1940
  • 1939 Gerhard Domagk
  • 1938 Corneille Jean Franois Heymans
  • 1937 Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi Nagyrapolt
  • 1936 Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
  • 1935 Hans Spemann
  • 1934 George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
  • 1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan
  • 1932 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, Edgar Douglas Adrian
  • 1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
  • 1930 Karl Landsteiner
  • 1929 Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
  • 1928 Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
  • 927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
  • 1926 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
  • 1925
  • 1924 Willem Einthoven
  • 1923 Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
  • 1922 Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
  • 1921
  • 1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh
  • 1919 Jules Bordet
  • 1918
  • 1917
  • 1916
  • 1914 Robert Bárány
  • 1913 Charles Robert Richet
  • 1912 Alexis Carrel
  • 1911 Allvar Gullstrand
  • 1910 Albrecht Kossel
  • 1909 Emil Theodor Kocher
  • 1908 Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Paul Ehrlich
  • 1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
  • 1906 Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramón y Cajal
  • 1905 Robert Koch
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